Cannabidiol (CBD) is associated with a huge range of medical properties according to preliminary research. It can be consumed in many ways, but if you suffer from a burn injury, it is best to use a CBD topical to first cool, and then heal, the skin, which happens to be the body’s largest organ.
According to data from the World Health Organization, around 410,000 burn injuries occur in the United States, although the American Burn Association believe the figure is over one million. In any case, the CDC tells us that there are three main categories of burns:
- First-Degree: This is the least severe burn which affects the top layer of skin. Your skin will be red, painful to the touch, and possibly show mild swelling. Typical treatments include the application of a wet compress and covering the wound with a clean cloth.
- Second-Degree: This type of burn affects the two top layers of skin. Symptoms include blisters, severe pain, and the possible loss of skin. Treatment involves immersion in cold water, elevation of the affected area, and making sure you don’t break any blisters.
- Third-Degree: This is the most severe type of burn injury as it penetrates the thickness of your skin and destroys tissue. Immediate medical attention is required because third-degree burns can be fatal.
Is CBD an Effective Burn Treatment?
To answer this question, we must first look at the body’s endocannabinoid system (ECS). Cannabinoids such as THC and CBD interact with the ECS, which is believed to exist within the skin and is involved in growth, proliferation, hormone production, and apoptosis. Cannabinoids have shown anti-inflammatory properties in tests, which means they could be used for healing and pain management in theory.
A 2010 study by Zhao et al., performed at China Medical University, looked at the cannabinoid receptors at the wound sites of mice. The researchers used small incisions to wound the mice. They found that CB1 receptors were found in the location of the injuries on fibroblastic and mononuclear cells. Moreover, CB1 positive cells were found at the wound site 6 hours after the injury occurred, and they were still there after 14 days.
As a result, the research team concluded that the CB1 receptor is activated when a wound heals, which means it is involved in inflammation. If CB1 receptors are really found at the site of wounds, it means they could act as binding sites for cannabinoids such as THC which may result in anti-inflammatory, painkilling, and antibiotic effects.
While THC is still illegal in 17 states, CBD is legal in most jurisdictions, albeit not federally. The passing of the Farm Bill of 2018 made industrial hemp growing legal. Therefore, farmers can safely grow CBD-rich hemp plants, which means you can expect even more CBD products to be found in major stores.
The above information looked at how THC can help burns, but what about CBD? It seems as if cannabidiol decreases blood levels and weakens cortisol secretion. In layman’s terms, this means a reduction in inflammation and an increase in pain relief. As a result, CBD has become associated with the treatment of first- and second-degree burns.
CBD & Burn Relief – The Science
It is important to remember that research into CBD’s effects is still in the very early stages. Even so, the findings to date have been very promising. We can go back over 40 years to find evidence of CBD acting as an anti-bacterial. This was the conclusion drawn by Ten Ham and Klingeren in their 1976 study.
If you have a burn, CBD could sterilize the wound, promote skin cell growth, and possibly reduce the level of pain you feel. Its antibacterial properties mean CBD is an ideal way to prevent bacteria and other pathogens from entering your body via broken skin. Ideally, you will apply the CBD to the affected area as soon as the injury occurs.
Inflammation is another area of concern when you burn your skin. Remember, the body is designed to fight off the pathogens, and when you suffer any injury, an army of immune cells are sent to the site of the burn to fight off the enemy. However, excessive inflammation results in pain and also slows down the healing process.
CBD potentially reduces the inflammation via your body’s CB2 receptors, and could also reduce the pain you feel. A study by Nagarkatti et al., published in Future Med Chem in 2010, found that CBD works as an anti-inflammatory. Another study, this time by the University of Aberdeen in 2009, discovered that CBD increases chemicals in the body that protect the cells from trauma.
What all of this means is that initial studies show the potential for CBD to treat burns.
Best CBD Products to Treat Burns
Although CBD is occasionally used to treat second-degree burns, it is unwise to use the cannabinoid for anything other than minor first-degree burns. It is imperative that you seek medical advice for any painful or severe burn or else you risk infection, or worse.
There are several forms of CBD consumption, but when it comes to treating burns, cream or balm is the only way to go. You need to apply it to the affected area as soon as possible after suffering the burn. If the existing scientific research is correct, the CBD will help ease the pain and prevent a possible infection.
Here are three CBD topical brands to consider:
1 – CBD FX
This brand has numerous customers who are delighted at the way the cream and balm work to treat skin problems. CBD FX’s topicals contain full-spectrum CBD, which means you also get the benefit of vitamins, amino acids, terpenes, and fatty acids.
You can get 100mg of CBD Cream for $29.99, 150mg for $39.99, or 150mg of the CBD Calming Balm for $39.99. There is also a Topicals Bundle for $59.99 which contains 150mg of the balm and 150mg of the cream.
2 – CBD MD
Once again, this brand uses broad-spectrum extraction to derive the terpenes and cannabinoids that go into its products. CBD MD has a wide range of topicals including CBD Freeze, an Inflammation formula called Recover, and a Moisturizing Lotion range called Revive.
The price point for all three topicals is the same. 300mg costs $29.99, 750mg costs $59.99, and 1,500mg costs $99.99. By the standards of CBD topicals, CBD MD offers exceptional value for money.
3 – Fab CBD
If you use Fab CBD’s topicals, please note that the Muscle & Joint Pain topical can contain up to 0.3% THC. Ingredients of these products include cocoa butter, aloe vera, and coconut oil. The blood orange scent is extremely pleasant, and all Fab CBD products are derived from organic hemp.
At present, Fab CBD is only selling one type of topical. Its Muscle & Joint topical costs $64, and you get 600mg of CBD in total.
Final Thoughts on CBD as a Burn Treatment
If you experience a mild burn that affects the top layer of skin, consider using CBD immediately to relieve the pain, reduce swelling, tackle inflammation, and perhaps speed up the recovery process. Initial research suggests that the anti-bacterial and anti-inflammatory properties of CBD could prove useful when treating burns. Nonetheless, make sure you seek immediate medical attention for anything more severe than a minor burn.